"all ... not"(Usage Disputes)
"All ... not" cannot be condemned on the grounds of novelty, as "All that glitters is not gold" and "All is not lost" show. "All that glitters is not gold" is from _Parabolae_, a book of poems written circa 1175 by Alanus de Insulis, a French monk: _Non teneas aurum totum quod splendet ut aurum_ = "Do not hold as gold all that shines like gold". It was Englished by Chaucer in the _Canterbury Tales_ (1389) as: "But al thyng which that shyneth as the gold / Nis nat gold, as that I have herd it told." (Shakespeare used the wording "All that glisters is not gold" in _The Merchant of Venice_; "glister", an archaic variant of "glisten", is still sometimes heard in allusion to this.) "All is not lost" occurs in Milton's _Paradise Lost_ (1667). The Oxford Dictionary of English Proverbs gives the proverbs "All truths are not to be told" (1350), "All things fit not all persons" (1532), "All feet tread not in one shoe" (1640), "All are not saints that go to church" (1659), and "All Stuarts are not sib to the king" (1857). It gives no proverbs at all beginning "Not all". "All ... not" can, however, be condemned on the grounds of potential ambiguity. When I proposed the sentence "All the people who used the bathtub did not clean it afterwards" as ambiguous, many people vigorously disputed that it was ambiguous. But they were about evenly split on what it did mean! (John Lawler writes: "There's a very large literature on quantifier ambiguities. Guy Carden did the definitive early studies in the '60s and '70s, and many others have contributed since then.") "Not all the people who used the bathtub cleaned it afterwards" (or, if the other meaning is intended, "None of the people who used the bathtub cleaned it afterwards") is free of this ambiguity. ("Not all" can also be used rhetorically to mean "not even all", but only in an exalted style incompatible with bathtubs: "Not all the water in the rough rude sea / Can wash the balm from an anointed king" -- Shakespeare, _Richard II_, 1595.) Fowler quoted a correspondent who urged him to prescribe "not all", and commented: "This gentleman has logic on his side, logic has time on its side, and probably the only thing needed for his gratification is that he should live long enough."
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